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SECCIÓN C: INGENIERÍAS

Vol. 16 Núm. 1 (2024)

Muros de entramado ligero de madera: Una revisión del estado del arte

DOI
https://doi.org/10.18272/aci.v16i1.3270
Enviado
febrero 20, 2024
Publicado
2024-04-15

Resumen

Tras el sismo de Northridge en 1994, mismo que ocasionó daños significativos a las estructuras de madera, la investigación sobre la respuesta sísmica de muros de entramado ligero ha experimentado un notable crecimiento. Este interés se ha extendido más allá de la zona afectada. Autores de países con tradición constructiva en madera han experimentado sobre la geometría de los componentes del muro, la conexión entre el marco y el panel de revestimiento y la implementación de nuevos materiales. En complemento a la parte experimental se han desarrollado modelos numéricos que capturan de forma precisa el comportamiento ante carga sísmica. Este artículo de revisión del estado del arte tiene como objetivo sintetizar las innovaciones y hallazgos encontrados durante la última década, mismos que se detallan en artículos de investigación disponibles en la base de datos ScienceDirect, haciendo de este trabajo una referencia inicial para explorar futuras líneas de investigación en países donde este sistema no ha sido mayormente divulgado. Se ha adoptado la metodología indicada en la declaración PRISMA para dar un adecuado diagnóstico de la información bibliométrica encontrada, adicionalmente se realizaron mapas bibliométricos basados en autores empleando la herramienta VOSviewer. Cabe señalar que en este trabajo se han excluido aspectos de resistencia al fuego u otros factores ambientales. La presentación de los resultados se organiza en función de dos aspectos clave identificados en la literatura: los estudios experimentales y la modelación numérica de muros de entramado ligero.

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