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SECCIÓN A: CIENCIAS EXACTAS

Vol. 16 Núm. 1 (2024)

Inversión de los modelos de transferencia radiativa de dos flujos y de cuatro flujos para determinar los coeficientes de dispersión y de absorción para cristales líquidos dispersos en polímero

DOI
https://doi.org/10.18272/aci.v16i1.3165
Enviado
noviembre 28, 2023
Publicado
2024-04-15

Resumen

Los coeficientes intrínsecos y extrínsecos de dispersión y absorción de ocho muestras de cristales líquidos dispersos en polímero no absorbedoras de luz, con dos diferentes tamaños del área activa y con cuatro diferentes espesores de la capa interna active, en sus estados de apariencia óptica translucidos apagados y transparentes encendidos –sin y con voltaje eléctrico aplicado respectivamente– fueron satisfactoriamente determinados siguiendo el mismo procedimiento descrito en trabajos anteriores con un dispositivo de partículas suspendidas –una muestra de ventana inteligente absorbedora de luz– y con otra muestra de ventana inteligente de cristales líquidos dispersos en polímero. Este procedimiento, basado en los modelos de transferencia radiativa de dos flujos y de cuatro flujos, considera el ángulo crítico de reflectancia interna total para determinar la reflectancia difusa interna de interface, y utiliza la misma ecuación propuesta previamente para el parámetro de camino promedio, basada en las intensidades difusas y totales de los haces de luz hacia adelante y hacia atrás, para resolver el modelo de cuatro flujos a fin de determinar los coeficientes intrínsecos. La apariencia óptica simulada resultó ser un estado apagado translucido blanco lechoso y un estado encendido transparente incoloro que llega a ser más transparente para las muestras de cristales líquidos dispersos en polímero con espesores más finos, requiriendo mayor voltaje aplicado para los estados ópticos encendidos transparente de las muestras caracterizadas de cristales líquidos dispersos en polímero.

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