COVID-19 as an International Security Threat

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Gustavo Andrés Villacreses Brito
Bernarda Carrera


After the Cold War a transition occurred in the international relations paradigm, where it was necessary to redefine which was considered as a threat to international security. As a result, human security doctrine was established which suggested that the international security agenda should focus on people and their needs, rather than states. In the globalized and interrelated world, we live nowadays, infectious diseases spread rapidly, and their consequences can be catastrophic. Hence, pandemics should be considered an international security threat. This paper aims to examine the COVID-19 pandemic as such. We discuss the development from international security towards human security, health security as a theoretical framework, the evolution of the pandemic in context of modern international security paradigm and international health security enforcement, and the securitization of the pandemic. In conclusion, based on the evidence presented, it is clear that the COVID-19 has severe effect on the international community, both in human lives and global economic, and has been securitized.


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Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Villacreses Brito, G. A., & Carrera, B. (2021). COVID-19 as an International Security Threat. El Outsider, 6, 93-112.
Acercamientos Académicos/Academic Approaches
Biografía del autor/a

Gustavo Andrés Villacreses Brito, Editor en Jefe, USFQ Law Review, Universidad San Francisco de Quito (USFQ)

Ecuatoriano. Abogado y Sicólogo Clínico, magna cum laude, por la Universidad San Francisco de Quito USFQ (Ecuador). Cursando Especialización Superior en Derecho Procesal, en la Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar. Subespecializaciones en Derecho Empresarial, en Relaciones Internacionales y en Sexología. Asistente judicial de la Magistratura del Perú en el Tribunal de Justicia de la Comunidad Andina. Editor en Jefe de USFQ Law Review (2019-2020). Miembro del Comité Editorial de USFQ Law Working Papers (2020-actualidad). Asistente de cátedra de teoría de la norma jurídica, sujetos del derecho y derecho de competencia en la Universidad San Francisco de Quito USFQ (Ecuador). Facilitador pro bono en la Fundación Diálogos (Ecuador).

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